Our Step By Step Guide

How to Form a nonprofit corporation In New York

Forming a nonprofit corporation provides liability protection for any type of business, and should be among the first steps you take as a new business owner. Starting a nonprofit corporation can help you protect your personal assets while adding legitimacy to your company. Follow our step by step guide or let us handle the paperwork on your behalf, ensuring your business is filed quickly and accurately.

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Why start your business in New York?

If you are planning on forming a business in New York with a charitable purpose, chances are you are thinking of starting a nonprofit. The state of New York offers plenty of support to entrepreneurs that want to make a difference and start a nonprofit with a diverse and well-educated population. Nonprofits are a vital part of New York's flourishing economy, with more than 90,000 organizations calling New York home. In fact, New York ranks first in the United States for nonprofit employment and number of nonprofit organizations. New York nonprofits employ 18.1% of the state's workforce, and generate over $260 billion in revenue annually.

Our guide will take you through the process, step by step, to show you how to set up a nonprofit for your business.

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MyCorporation® can help you file all of the necessary documents to form your nonprofit corporation in New York.

File and submit the formation paperwork yourself

Our free guide provides you with all of the information you'll need to form your nonprofit corporation in New York. Bookmark this page as a reference so you can return easily as you complete each step of the process.

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Are you looking for another entity type? We offer several other guides for the state of New York.

A nonprofit corporation is a business formed with the purpose of furthering a particular social cause or advocating for a specific point of view. Rather than earning a profit, a nonprofit corporation reinvests its revenue to achieve its objective instead of distributing that income to its shareholders.

Nonprofit corporations, at their core, are a variation of a traditional C corporation formed to provide public benefit. While much of the structure and set-up process is similar between the two entities, setting up a nonprofit properly has a few additional caveats to be aware of including applying for federal and state tax exemptions.

The Benefits of a Non Profit Corporation

  • Protect your Personal Assets
    Starting a nonprofit corporation designates your business as a separate legal entity, preventing you from being personally responsible for any debts accrued by your business.
  • Build Credibility
    Establishing a professional identity for your nonprofit demonstrates the charitable intentions of your business to the community, providing additional credibility and trust.
  • Tax Advantages
    Non profit corporation owners can apply for tax exemption under certain circumstances, allowing more money to go towards the charitable cause your business was created for.

Compare the main entity types below

Entity Type
Liability
Taxation
Maintenance
Limited Liability Company Combines limited liability protection with a pass-through tax structure. IRS rules allow LLCs to choose between being taxed as partnership or corporation. The easiest entity to maintain with the least amount of formal annual requirements.
Corporation Owners / shareholders have limited personal liability for business related debts. Separate taxable entity, corporate profits among owners and corporation. Meetings are required to maintain corporate status. Stock may be sold to raise capital.
Non-Profit Corporation A corporation formed for a charitable, educational, religious, literary, or scientic purpose. Contributions to charitable corporation are tax-deductible. Can get tax exempt status with the IRS. Annual reports, minutes, meetings are required to maintain nonprofit / tax exempt status.
Tip: Try our free entity choice tool. Answer a few simple multiple choice questions about your business, and our tool can recommend the entity type that best fits the needs of your business.

Now that you have decided to start a nonprofit, you need to determine the charitable mission and purpose for the business. In order to comply with IRS regulations, it's important that your business is organized for an exempt purpose. Your business may not engage in political activities and must not overcompensate its members.

The next step is to decide on a name for your business. For nonprofits, it's important that you choose a name that clearly represents the mission of your organization. Be sure that the name you choose is easy to pronounce and memorable. Once you've decided on a name for your business, you should conduct a quick trademark search. This can help you find out if the name you want has already been taken and reduce the possibility of rejection. It's also best come up with one or two alternatives, in case the name you want to register is not available.

There are a few rules that New York nonprofits must follow in order to register a name.

  1. For example, First Baptist Church of Buffalo and First Baptist Church of Rochester would not present a conflict to one another. Neither would Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 2317 and Veterans of Foreign Wars Inc. Post No. 2627. You can find out whether a name is available for registration by searching the New York Department of State business entity database. Check variations or alternate spellings that could also conflict with your name and cause your application to be rejected. MyCorporation's business name search serviceservice is also available to conduct a more thorough search for trademarks.
  2. Your name can also not contain certain restricted words such as "bank," "trust," or "trustee," unless the Certificate of Approval of the Commissioner of Business Oversight is included. You can learn more about business name entity rules and regulations in the Choosing a corporate name document provided by the New York Secretary of State.

Once you have chosen your name, you can reserve it for 60 days by filing a name reservation request with the New York Secretary of State if you are not ready to file right away.

Tip: A business name check is included with every one of our business formation packages. We check with the state to determine the availability of your business name automatically. You can also conduct a nationwide business name search here.

The state of New York requires you to designate a registered agent for your business when you complete your Articles of Incorporation. A registered agent (often abbreviated as RA) is responsible for receiving legal and official documents on behalf of your business. An RA acts as the state's means to communicate with your business. This may be an individual or corporation that agrees to accept legal papers on the nonprofit's behalf.

A registered agent can be any individual who resides in New York. A third-party registered agent service, like MyCorporation, may also be utilized for the business. An RA must have a physical street address in New York as a P.O. Box address is not allowed. A nonprofit corporation may not serve as its own registered agent.

Why designate a third party to act as my registered agent?

Registered agent information is publicly available. This may cause privacy concerns for business owners who do not wish to list their personal contact information for everyone to see. It is also common for the registered agent to become a target of spam or robocalls since this private information is relatively easy to obtain. Registered agents are highly valued for their discretion. For example, if you did not have a registered agent and your business was served with lawsuit paperwork the documents would be delivered directly to your business address. This could be incredibly embarrassing for the business owner, especially if this happened in front of customers. An RA will accept the documents privately to ensure additional privacy, organize the materials, and then deliver them to the business owner. This is why many business owners opt for a third-party registered agent service like MyCorporation to act as a registered agent on behalf of their business.

Tip: Our Deluxe and Premium formation packages include a full year of registered agent services for your business. We also offer standalone registered agent services which you can add to your business later.

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The state of New York requires you to file Certificate of Incorporation in order to legally create a nonprofit. The Certificate of Incorporation is a four-page form that contains all the basic information required to register your business. View the New York Certificate of Incorporation form here and follow the state's guide as you fill it out.

A standard filing fee of $75 must be included with your application along with the mail submission cover sheet in a PDF submitted by mail. For the return address, enter the name of a designated person and/or company and the corresponding mailing address. If you would like to expedite your filing, you will need to pay anywhere between $25 and $150 extra, depending on how quickly you want your nonprofit business approved by the state.

New York also requires additional government agency approval/consent, depending on the purpose of your nonprofit. Page 5 of the state guide to filing a not-for-profit Certificate of Incorporation outlines each business type and the agency that will be required to provide consent.

Once your Certificate of Incorporation have been accepted by the New York Department of State's office, your nonprofit is officially formed.

What information should be included in the Articles of Incorporation?

The information required in the Articles of Incorporation for a nonprofit are straightforward. First, you'll need to provide the name of your nonprofit, the principal business address and mailing address (only if the two differ), and the registered agent name and address. You will also need to include the following statement:

This corporation is a nonprofit public benefit corporation and is not organized for the private gain of any person. It is organized under the Nonprofit Public Benefit Corporation Law for (public or charitable [insert one or both]) purposes.

You can create your own Articles of Incorporation, but for the sake of simplicity we recommend that you use the forms directly available on the Secretary of State's website. The form on the New York Secretary of State's website contains all the tax-exempt language required by the IRS and the state of New York, as well as other required language. This will help you form your nonprofit without any major issues.

Bylaws are the detailed set of rules agreed upon and adopted by the board of directors of the nonprofit. Think of these as an instruction manual to run the business. They include rules and procedures related to meetings you will hold, and notes on the ways you will elect officers and directors of the business.

A nonprofit corporation is required to create bylaws in New York, and it is highly recommended that conflict of interest policies are adopted as well. Bylaws help maintain consistency in the way your business operates, as well as communicate organizational rules that help avoid conflicts and disputes. Bylaws are for your records only and are not submitted to the state.

If you are not sure how to create corporate bylaws, you can purchase MyCorporation's customized Minutes and Bylaws package. Inside our package you will find internal documents required to fulfill your corporate formalities and properly operate your business after it has been incorporated.

The first board meeting for your business is often referred to as the organizational meeting of the board. During this meeting, the initial directors of the business will adopt the corporate bylaws, set the fiscal year, and appoint corporate officers.

This meeting and all future meetings of the board of directors must be recorded in corporate minutes. Minutes are documents that detail what was discussed and any decisions the business makes during meetings. They are kept with the corporate records.

Corporate minutes are required for all New York nonprofit corporations by law. Falling behind on this critical task can cause your business to fall out of good standing, and even jeopardize its tax-exempt status. It is important to maintain a corporate minute book. Inside you may keep originals or copies of all the signed and approved minutes or Actions by Unanimous Consent from any special or annual meetings of the corporation's shareholders and directors.

An EIN (also referred to as a Federal Tax ID) is a nine-digit number that is issued by the IRS and used to uniquely identify your business for tax purposes. Think of it as a Social Security Number (SSN) for your business, except an EIN is less sensitive. Like an SSN, an EIN allows you to:

  • Open business checking, savings, or investment accounts
  • File taxes for the business
  • Complete payroll for employees if applicable
  • Obtain lines of credit and credit cards, and build credit for your business
  • Apply for applicable business licenses when required
  • File for tax exempt status

You will only need a few pieces of information to file, including your mailing address and legal business name. You can apply online with the IRS by downloading IRS Form SS-4, or work alongside a third party organization like MyCorporation to complete an EIN application.

Your nonprofit corporation is not automatically tax exempt. In order to become tax exempt, you will need to take certain steps to obtain this status. First, you will need to file for exempt status with the Internal Revenue Service using either Form 1023 or Form 1024, depending on the classification of your organization. In some cases, you may be eligible to file Form 1023-EZ, a streamlined version of the application for recognition of tax exemption. You can avoid a $25 fee if you file for federal tax exemption before filing with the state.

Once your filing with the IRS is complete, they will send you a Determination Letter that officially recognizes your nonprofit's tax exempt status. To gain the same exemptions at the state level, fill out Form CT-247: Application for Exemption from Corporation Franchise Taxes by a Not-for-Profit Organization with the New York State Department of Taxation and Finance. There is no fee for this form.

You can learn more about the process directly from Publication 557 from the IRS.

Regardless of whether you plan to solicit donations, the state of New York requires your nonprofit to submit a registration statement (Form CHAR410) with the New York State Office of the Attorney General. An annual report is also required (Form CHAR500) to maintain good standing as an active nonprofit in the state.

All businesses are required to file for a general business license (sometimes referred to as a business tax certificate) in the state of New York. If you plan on operating your nonprofit in multiple cities, you will need to apply for a business license in each location. Additional permits may be required along with a general business license and are to be filed with the county or state. You can find out about the specific licenses applicable to your business by checking with the city offices where you will conduct business, or by using MyCorporation's business license compliance package. Our team of skilled professionals will identify the licenses required by your nonprofit and provide you with all the information you need to file.

nonprofit corporation Formation Packages

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Frequently asked questions

Currently, according to the New York Secretary of State, the average processing time to incorporate a nonprofit should be completed within 18 days at the state level. This turnaround time is estimated and subject to change depending on certain factors including holidays or unexpected surges in nonprofit filings.

In order to keep your nonprofit in good standing, there are reoccurring requirements that must be met.

  • All nonprofits must file a Statement of Information with the Secretary of State every two years.
  • All nonprofits must hold an annual meeting of the directors logged in their corporate minutes.
  • All nonprofits (except schools, hospitals, and religious organizations) need to file the annual registration renewal fee report (Form RRF-1) and pay a fee of between $0 and $300 based on your organization's total revenue that year.
  • Nonprofit with gross receipts of more than $50,000 in the year must file the Exempt Organization Annual Information Return (FTB Form 199).

In order to form a corporation in New York, you will be required to pay various fees and taxes. The breakdown of the required fees is as follows:

  • Certificate of Incorporation - $75
  • A $275 fee is for nonprofits that qualify to file using form 1023-EZ, or a $600 fee for the standard 1023 application.
  • Charitable Solicitations Registration (Fundraising) - $25
  • Registered agent service - $120 per year (optional)

In total, expect to set aside $450 - $850 to set up a nonprofit yourself in New York.

Nonprofit businesses organized in other states can foreign qualify to conduct business in the State of New York. To register your nonprofit, you will first need to complete and submit an Application for Authority under Section 1304 of the Not-for-Profit Corporation Law. The form can be mailed or faxed to the New York Department of State, Division of Corporations.

You will also be required to have a registered agent with a mailing address in New York. You can designate a member of the business or utilize MyCorporation's registered agent service. It is also required that you submit a certificate of good standing from the state where your business is organized from within the last 6 months. This proves that your business is operating in compliance with the state where you originally formed it. If the corporation is a nonprofit, the certificate of good standing also must indicate the corporation is a nonprofit or nonstock corporation